Pre Writing

[18mo-old,Levi,St.Joe,MO]18 mo old Levi, St.Joe, MO Rolling play dough ball courtlyn-painting .

The Pre-Writing Standard from the Kansas Early Learning Guide will focus on Benchmark 4.3 which says the child uses writing as a means of expression/communication.

Christmas cards and envelopes you will be sending out to family and friends.


Christmas stickers to decorate envelopes

Circle Stickers to be put on green triangle.

*Create a paper chain as a countdown to Christmas Day. Ahead of time cut the number of paper strips representing the number of days. Either glue each of the links together with a glue stick, or help your child tape each together. At the same time each day, remove one of the paper links so they can visually see Christmas Day is getting closer.

*As you send out Christmas cards this year, model for your child the writing of a note inside each card. Provide a colorful marker and allow them to begin to express themselves on each card too. What a joy for the mailman and family members as they see the cute little pictures on the back of each envelope or inside page of the card.

*To finish off the envelope, provide Christmas stickers that can be placed on the back for decoration. The maneuvering of the sticker gives exercise to the pincher grasp of the first two fingers and thumb.

*Cut a green triangle to represent a tree. Draw a trunk at the bottom of the tree. Provide circle stickers for your little one to peel off and add as ornaments. Display on the refrigerator for all to enjoy.

*Provide a needle and thread to create your own garland from popcorn and cranberries. Model for them how to stick the needle into the middle of the popcorn and pull along the thread. They can randomly add cranberries along their string or strategically place them in a pattern. The new garland can be draped across the tree for decoration.

1 year-old will scribble as if writing.

3 year-old will write, draw, scribble shapes, pictures to convey a story.

4 year-old may write some letters that are recognizable and even some words.

5 year-old may be able to copy some of the words you write.

The First Year: Provide smaller toys for your child to practice transferring the object from one hand to the other. The pincher grasp (the grasp they will use to hold a pencil in school) will also be exercised as they practice picking up things. Cardboard pages in a book provide practice for the young one in turning pages; also, the sturdiness of the cardboard helps with nontearing so their arm muscles can develop as well.
1-2 Years Provide a thin paper plate and felt tip markers for your child to scribble. Once they are done “scribbling” provide a squirt water bottle for them to squirt water onto the colored plate. As the paper plate begins to absorb some of the water, it will cause the colors to run. Put aside to dry on paper towel. Once they are dry, trace an oval or egg shape and cut out. Decorate the front of your refrigerator with marker-colored eggs for spring.
2-3 Years-This age may enjoy using chalk on a darker piece of construction paper. After they are done “coloring” on it, spray a light mist of “hairspray” to keep the chalk attached to the construction paper. An egg shape can be cut from the chalk art. You may want to put the egg up high so little fingers do not smear through the chalk and touch other surfaces.
3-4 Years-Children this age can practice cutting out egg shapes or “snip” around the outside edge of the egg shape that you have already cut out. Each child develops at their own pace and some are ready for cutting on lines whereas others may need practice opening and closing the scissors.
4-5 Years-Cut shapes out of pieces of cardboard. If you have large plastic lids, shapes can be cut in the center of the lid for outside edges to trace around. Provide markers for your child to trace around the shapes. Describe the name of the shape as they work. (For younger siblings, you can cut out smaller shapes and tape a piece of typing paper over the shape. Have the younger child color back and forth over the shape so they too can “make shapes.”
5-6 Years-Draw different shapes (or line patterns) on typing paper with a wide tip marker. Provide scissors to practice cutting them out, or cutting along the straight or wavy lines.

KELS Physical Health and Development
PHD Standard 1: Develops Gross Motor Skills

0-1 As your child begins to experiment with new things to eat, provide for them foods that can be picked up with their “pincher grasp” which includes their thumb and first finger. They are beginning to develop eye-hand coordination along with strengthening the fingers needed to eventually hold a pencil.

1-2 Next time you have place mats that need to be wiped off after the meal, show your child how to take a sponge and start in the top left corner and wipe across to the right, then the middle of the place mat going straight across and then across the bottom. Just as you will write on a piece of paper starting in the top left corner and working your way down, so too, you can go through the “hand motions” while cleaning off the plastic place mat.

2-3 As you go on errands this week, begin to point out some of the artwork you see around you. Do you see patterns in the pavement? What about different colored tiles at the grocery store. Do bricks make a pattern on the side of the building? Begin to point out the how there is artwork all around us to enjoy.

3-4 When you are ready to begin an artwork activity together, take pictures of the process. Once the pictures are developed, walk through together the process you went through to make the pretty picture they made that is now displayed on the refrigerator. Show them the pictures you have developed and talk together about what you had to do first, second, and last to create the project. Place the pictures next to the picture or add to your scrapbook.

4-5 Play dough is a great way to strengthen hand muscles to help prepare the child for writing when in the classroom. So an activity you could do would be to use playdough to create letters of the alphabet. Start first of all with the letters of your child’s name. Take a large marker and write it on a piece of paper and place the paper in front of them. Show them how they can roll the playdough back and forth across the palms of their hands and create a long worm. Use a plastic knife to cut off the play dough so it is the correct length for each of the letters.

5-6 Next time you visit a pet store, point out different parts of the pet areas. For example, in the fish aquariums there is the filter, plants and the fish. In the guinea pig cage, there are domes for the animals to sleep in along with wood chips across the bottom of the cage. Once you get home, provide markers and a large piece of paper to represent one of the animal exhibits. Help them to think through what they saw at the pet store and try to draw the items on the picture.

According to the “Child Development Chart” under the category of Fine Motor,

here are some “milestones” to look for in your child’s development:

These tend to be general but remember that all children develop at their own pace.

6 months Picks up a toy with one hand. Looks at and reaches for faces and toys

9 months Transfers toy from one hand to the other. Uses two hands to pick up large objects.

12 months Picks up small objects- precise thumb and finger grasp.

18 months Stacks two or more blocks. Picks up two small toys in one hand. Scribbles with crayon.

2 years Builds towers of four or more blocks. Turns pages of picture books, one at a time.

2 years 6 months Scribbles with circular motion. Draws or copies vertical lines.

3 years Cuts with small scissors.

3 years 6 months Draws or copies a complete circle. Cuts across paper with small scissors.

4 years Draws recognizable pictures.

4 years 6 months Draws a person that has at least three parts – head, eyes, nose, mouth, etc.

5 years Prints first name (four letters).

THE TOOLS FOR MOTHERHOOD GRADUATES have shared some of the activities they have tried with their child in the area of Pre-Writing. Here are a few of the ideas...

Lexi decorated a paper with her name on it with colored noodles. Zoe helped husk corn as a summer project explaining about seasons and harvest. Lexi sorted out the colored noodles in bowls. She was soo proud of herself when she got it right! To combine gluing and sorting she made a letter A and then did an apple out of the red noodles. Soo fun! And then we proudly hung them on the windows

Shamrock craft
So, I have been trying to do more crafts and such with the girls and I love having a month with a holiday. So, we’ve finished Valentines day and now we are doing St. Patrick’s Day crafts. There are soo many great ones out there and soo easy too.

In the pictures I’ve included Lexi is doing a shamrock craft. I drew a shamrock on a piece of paper. I let her tear up pieces of green paper and then I spread glue all over the picture and let her put the green pieces of torn paper on it. It was fun and she did a great job tearing paper and had such fun doing it too. So cute. I had Zoe do the same thing only on a smaller scale and she made St. Patty’s day cards for family.

I’ve also recently done a shamrock wreath with Zoe…. Shamrocks she cut out and glued on a paper plate to make a wreath. Again, soo cute! What great things to keep from year to year.

1 & 4 Years Old Play-Doh

The girls love, love, love play-doh and I only wish I loved it more--- what a mess it makes... But they love it so I tolerate it. It does keep them busy and they play pretty well together with the play-doh. So they have cookie cutters, scissors, plates, and bowls... All the necessities for great play-doh fun. They pretent to "eat" the different things they make. It's fun to see them play together nicely and it gives me time to do other things but in the mean time boy do I get "full." : )

Recommendations: Sure- great hand muscle development.

3 Years Old Trace Letters with Glitter Pens

I wrote Kaihtlyn's initials on cardstock and had her trace the letter "K" with her glitter pen. This was a difficult activity for her. She does not have control in her hands to trace and squeeze at the same time. So I helped guide her hand while she squeezed the glue pen; other wise the glitter was ending up in piles. : )

Changes: Possibly use elmers glue trace the letter then have her sprinkle loose glitter on it or let her use the glitter pens freely and let her paint the glitter around.

Recommendations: I would recommend it for older children who may have that hand control better if you want the letter really traced.

1 1/2 Years Old This is one of my favorite activities that Lexi does which is coloring. Of course this is because she does it sooo well by herself. So I simply let her work her little hand muscles by giving her crayons, markers (pip squeaks), colored pencils or pens and I can't forget the paper or coloring books. Though now I am an expert at getting any kind of marks off walls, furniture, applicance and floors. She just scribbles now, but she really enjoys seeing the pictures of people and especially animals in the coloring books. This is my favorite activity to do with her as we are getting dinner ready. I even keep crayons and paper in my purse. She loves to color/draw!--Heather

3 Years Old I sprayed shaving cream all over her highchair tray and hid the letter K in it. Her job was to find it. She found it almost immedicately. Then she just used her hands to fub around and pat the shaving cream. I would take her finger and help her write the letter "K" (for her name) in the shaving cream. She was always eager to mess it up. This was a very fun activity that honetly could be played with for as much time as you want and takes little supervision while the child is in the highchair.--Kahle

4 years Old So as the mail came, I noticed we got the new Toys R Us catalog and I thought it would be a great magazine to cut pictures out of and glue on Zoe's name. So I got a piece of cardstalk and wrote Zoe's name in large outlined letters. I got out the glue and scissors and surprised her with the catalog. I let her cut out pictures of things she liked and then she had to fit them in her name without covering up the shape of the letter. So not only was their hand strengthening going on with the scissors and glue, but some problem solving to see what pictures fit where so she didnt cover up the outline of her name. She did a great job and it will make another great keepsake -- another page for the scrapbook.. It was great fun!--Heather